Meditation is very simple, but understanding it can feel counterintuitive. Some people think it’s hokey. However, that’s because they’re not doing it right, or they’re not meditating deeply enough. These people say “I can’t meditate, my mind won’t shut off.” This is one of the most common reactions, actually. Every person is unique. We are not diminishing a person’s distaste for meditation. Rather, this reveals something significant—why that person is not able to find stillness or calm their mind. That narrative is worth listening to because it will play a role in helping that person finding deep satisfaction.

One actually does not need to shut the mind off. The nature of the mind is to think and run around. Sometimes letting the mind run around can be quite advantageous. People have solved many problems this way. At the same time, the mind must also be focused to accomplish things. However, when it comes to rumination, perseveration, addiction, or delusional thinking, our mind may not be our friend. A significant theme in establishing sound mental health is allowing our mind to be our friend.

A metaphor of the ocean is widely used to describe meditation. Imagine the surface of the ocean. The wind (affairs of our daily lives) will always continue to blow and the surface of the ocean will always have waves. However, our mind and consciousness are more than that. Once we close our eyes (sensory deprivation), breathe more slowly and deeply (lower respiratory rate), we start to mimic the effect of sleep. Our brain waves change and we begin to access a different part of our consciousness. If we hold this technique then we sink deeper and deeper into our consciousness. Eventually we arrive at a calm and still place that is different from the frenetic waves on the surface of the ocean. Through meditation you can slowly let go of the things you are holding on to. The combination of psychotherapy and meditation is very effective. Through psychotherapy you can re-interpret painful experiences that have made you unhappy. With repeated sessions you can internalize your therapist’s conversations. Finally, through meditation, you can let go of that pain and change yourself for the better. 

Mental health is not just talking about your problems in talk therapy. The conscious mind is only the beginning. The ocean of the unconscious mind lies beneath. Meditation is not exactly sleep, but the place between the conscious mind and sleep. They are actually different brain waves. There are 3 basic states of consciousness; wakefulness, REM (rapid eye movement) and non-REM (NREM).

There are 4 distinct brain waves: Beta, Alpha, Theta and Delta. Gamma waves (35 Hz and above) occur when we are concentrating the most on completing a task, the highest level of wakefulness. Coffee or Adderall XR can take you to Gamma waves. Beta waves (12-35 Hz) occur when you’re awake, alert and taking care of daily activities. Alpha waves (8-12 Hz) help with rest, relaxation and creativity. In alpha waves, you’re not that focused and not thinking too hard. Theta waves (4-8 Hz) is light sleep (NREM1 and NREM2). During deep meditation, the brain functions at 4-7 Hz. You are entering the unconscious mind at 4-7 Hz. This is why a sleep meditation is needed to help you wind down and go to sleep. It’s not Ambien.  REM sleep occurs between Theta and Delta and is when most of our dreams occur. REM sleep also plays a key role in memory consolidation, cognition (thinking) and mood regulation. Delta waves (0.5-4 Hz) are deep dreamless sleep. The deepest sleep (NREM3 aka slow wave sleep SWS). Sleep is divided into 90-minute cycles of REM and NREM sleep; these 90-minute cycles repeat 3-6 times per night. Adults under age 65 should have 7-9 hours of sleep and adults older than 65 should have 6-7 hours of sleep (approximately). Brain waves are measured with an Electroencephalogram (EEG). Psychoactive Medications and chemicals such as caffeine, nicotine, alcohol and stimulants can affect brain waves. When your intake of these chemicals is too high, too frequent, or too close to sleep, your sleep-wake balance can be negatively affected. As a result, your consciousness can be negatively affected. For more information on this, check out National Sleep Foundation.

Insomnia, or the inability to fall asleep has become very common. People are stuck in Gamma or Beta brain waves and can find it difficult to settle into a relaxing sleep. People read, sometimes get bored, slowly move to Alpha waves, and finally stroll into Theta waves. Some people take a Sleepy Time tea (such as Chamomile or Valerian Root) which is slightly sedating, allowing one to relax. Some take Ambien, Lunesta, or another benzodiazepine sleep aid which are central nervous system depressants. Some people are addicted or dependent on other central nervous system sedating medications because they’ve been taking them nightly for months or years. Some of these people can become angry when doctors try to taper down their sleeping meds. Some patients are brave, open minded and give the taper down regimens a try. Dr. Datta does prescribe controlled substance meds to help you sleep. However, he can prescribe you a taper down regimen as well. He makes sure that you’re not on too much medication and that you’re not becoming addicted to your prescribed meds. As you may have heard, nowadays doctors must practice some discretion in prescribing these controlled substance meds because they can be addictive. 

Among the variety of Meditations taught by Dr. Datta, he also teaches a sleep meditation that can help you get from the Gamma or Beta waves of your active mind to Theta waves. This helps people who are just trying to fall asleep, as well those who are tapering down on their controlled substance bedtime medications.

These are all different parts of our consciousness.  Freudians say, “Dreams are the yellow brick road to the unconscious mind.” Dreams mostly occur in Deep Theta and REM sleep and as a result, can be very abstract. We often don’t attribute any significance to our dreams. We often forget our dreams a few minutes after waking up, unless we write it down. At other times, we are unable to forget certain dreams no matter how hard we try.

During sleep we access our unconscious mind and certain abstract messages may come up from the deep recesses of our unconscious mind. Psychiatrists and Therapists who practice psychodynamic psychotherapy or psychanalysis (Dr. Datta is not a psychoanalyst) are able to interpret your dreams. We do not have access to most of our mind. There are levels of consciousness we have little control over. The unconscious mind is part of that inaccessible area. Much like outer space, most of the regions of our mind remain unknown. Dr. Datta may be able to interpret your dreams. Please note that it is not an exact science, it is an interpretation (unconscious interpretation). That is why it’s called dream interpretation.

Often people ask about hypnosis. The foundation of hypnosis is rooted in meditation. First, in order to be hypnotized, your body needs to be in a relaxed state. Rather, the patient must allow the doctor or therapist to lead them into a physically, mentally and emotionally relaxed state. Second, allow your mind to slowly sink into a meditative state. Third, allow the therapist to lead you through a guided mediation with vivid imagery. Fourth, for it to work you must trust the doctor completely. Hypnosis requires the patient to be “suggestible.” That means they must completely trust the therapist. The patient must allow the therapist to lead them into this vulnerable relaxed state where the patient is open to taking the therapist‘s word as final. The patient must be willing to let go of a behavior or adopt a behavior. Leadership must be as paramount to the therapist as the vulnerability and trust the patient has for the therapist. Hypnosis is worth mentioning here because it is in the spectrum of consciousness. Dr. Datta is not a hypnotist. Dr. Datta is a meditation teacher.

Dr. Datta is a trained meditation teacher and psychiatrist who is well versed in psychotherapy. His view of Meditation is not only from a course or certifications, but rather it is based on a series of trainings spanning over two decades. For Dr Datta, Meditation has become a way of life. In the Psychotherapy process, Dr. Datta gets to know your psychological and emotional quirks. He can apply these characteristics and create a customized meditation for you. If you do this on a daily basis, it will help you let go of some of the thoughts you have been holding on to. The combination of talk therapy and meditation may be the key to shaking these thoughts and feelings once and for all

Here’s how the Meditation Process Works:

  • Dr. Datta can provide anywhere from one to a series of breathing meditations based on your daily life and stressors.
  • Meditation is usually not done in the initial session, but it can be taught if we talk about putting in the time to do so in advance. Most patients want to discuss their life story and arrive at a treatment plan in the 1st session. Dr. Datta gets a chance to hear your life story before he can create a customized meditation for you.
  • Most people seek to learn meditation in a subsequent session. However, Meditation can be learned in the first session if you and Dr. Datta plan it into your appointment.
  • If you wish to learn meditation, don’t hesitate to let Dr. Datta know that you would like to learn meditation during your subsequent session. Dr. Datta can also suggest it if he believes it will be beneficial to you. It may be difficult to squeeze 15-20 minutes of meditation when medication management and psychotherapy are also taking place within the session.
  • There are also 5min and 10min meditations that are done. To make the best use of your time, it’s better to mention that you would like to do meditation in a subsequent session so that Dr. Datta can plan ahead and manage the time effectively.
  • The breathing meditation is based on 3 aspects:Deeper and more restful breathing. Once we close our eyes (sensory deprivation), breathe more slowly and deeply (lower respiratory rate), we start to mimic the effect of sleep. Our brain waves change and we begin to access a different part of our consciousness. If we hold this technique then we sink deeper and deeper into our consciousness.A rhythm, or count, is introduced which anchors the breath, basically reminds you to breath deeper than you would otherwise.Customized visualization exercises. It is based on your daily life and stressors.
  • This is not yoga. However, you can apply these techniques in your yoga practice.
  • Visualization exercises. You may have heard a boxer, prizefighter, or any athlete talking about doing a visualization technique before performing. Utilizing the imagination for visualization is an important part of meditation. This imagery is important in changing your state of consciousness. Dr. Datta may present different visualization exercises in your meditation process. By silently breathing deeply to a rhythm and visualizing an image, you can change your consciousness. This has become a lost art form and can be very powerful if reinforced and done on a daily basis. Dr. Datta can customize visualization exercises for you based on your specific needs. It allows for a more significant psychotherapy experience.
  • Research has shown that even new adopters of meditation can reduce their anger and reactivity. Meditation works well in conjunction with talk therapy to help resolve unconscious conflict. These studies have also shown that those who meditate daily and with consistency are able to let go of stubborn ruminations they have been holding on to.

Meditation has existed for millennia. It has gained mainstream attention partly due to evidence-based scientific research backing its effectiveness. Also due to brilliant meditation teachers that have come before us.


Dr. Datta has obtained additional training to recommend natural, over the counter (OTC), non-allopathic medications to be used alone or with your medications to optimize your treatment and diminish side effects. The following conditions have been successfully treated with this method.

  • Depression
  • ADHD
  • Anxiety
  • OCD
  • PTSD
  • Cannabis Use Disorder
  • Sleep, Insomnia
  • Impulsivity and Anger Management

Dr. Datta is happy to clarify these methods and share the research with you. Dr. Datta does not endorse nor is he compensated by any pharmaceutical company or private supplement company.